NEW DELHI (The Statesman/ANN) - Pakistan has tried to crush a push to the proposal for Security Council reforms at the first meeting of the Inter-Governmental Negotiations group dealing with the UN earlier this week
Acting in concert with those favouring status quo, Pakistan again sought to torpedo India’s attempts to give a push to the proposal for Security Council reforms at the first meeting of the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) group dealing with the issue at the United Nations earlier this week.
Informed sources here said Pakistan has in recent months intensified its campaign against India’s candidature for a permanent seat on the Security Council by questioning the very relevance of expanding the body, which has the US, UK, France, Russia and China as permanent members.
Despite the general agreement on expanding the council, member states remain sharply divided over how to achieve a consensus on it. India, Japan, Brazil and Germany had formed the ‘G-4’ years back to stake their claims for permanent seats and support each other’s candidature as well.
To counter this group, Pakistan had formed a ‘Uniting for Consensus’ group, along with Italy, Mexico, Spain, South Korea and Argentina. This group, nicknamed the ‘Coffee Club’, has called for creating a new category of members - not permanent members - with longer duration and a possibility to get re-elected once.
Of the five permanent members of the Security Council, the US, UK, France and Russia have supported India’s candidature for a permanent seat on an expanded Security Council while China has expressed its appreciation for India’s desire to play a greater role at the UN.
Addressing the meet held at the UN on February 6, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Syed Akbaruddin observed that the Security Council’s efficacy and effectiveness was questionable and its credibility and legitimacy were at a low. ‘’At a time of growing
dismay with the existing international order, our persistent inability to move the reform process forward is viewed as the inability of the multilateral system to fix what is broken,’’ he added while appealing to the Chair to ‘breathe life into’ the process of Security Council
In her address, Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Maleeha Lodhi, without directly talking about India’s candidature, made it clear that any expansion in the permanent seats on the Security Council was a ‘red line’ for her country. She wondered how additional permanent seats add to or ensure the Council’s accountability or enhance its representative character.
In an obvious reference to India’s position that the Council should reflect the realities of the 21st century, Lodhi observed that some countries use this disingenuously as an argument to further their self-proclaimed candidacies for permanent seat based on contentious criteria for qualification.
- Pakistan opposes India’s candidature for UNSC seat